JTCLASSBLU 15
Englische Biographie von Marieluise Fleißer Drucken

 

Biography of Marieluise Fleißer


1901 22nd / 23rd November Marieluise Fleißer is born in Ingolstadt.
1907
She starts elementary school. Two years later she moves to the girls’ school St. Johann im Gnadenthal.
1914
She changes to the girls’ grammar school of the Sisters of Loreto in Regensburg.
1917
She secretly reads the works of Strindberg and of the expressionists.
1919
Graduation from secondary school (Abitur). She matriculates at the Ludwig-Maximilians-University in Munich. Theatre studies at the institute of Arthur Kutscher. Alexander Weicker (nickname: Jappes), a student, globetrotter and writer from Luxemburg, becomes her first boyfriend.
1923
"My Twin Sister Olga" (later: "The Thirteen-Year Old"). "My Friend, the Long One", Stories.
1925
"Abenteuer aus dem Englischen Garten", Narrative.
1926
April 25th debut performance of "Purgatory in Ingolstadt" (former title: "Die Fußwaschung") by Moritz Seeler; performed in Berlin (Deutsches Theater/ Junge Bühne)
In summer 1926 she gets an annuity agreement from Ullstein. During summer and autumn she visits Brecht in Augsburg and finally goes to Berlin where she stays during the first months of the year 1927.
1927
After 6 months she went back to Munich. Restaging of "the Pioneers" (already begun in late 1926) she visited the Wörthersee in Austria with her future husband and professional swimmer Bepp Haindl. She finished "the Pioneers".
1928 She returns to Ingolstadt and celebrates the engagement with Bepp Haindl;
March 25th debut performance of "the Pioneers" in Dresden staged by Renato Mordo; two further narratives: "Ein Pfund Orangen"; "Die Ziege"
1929
Performance of "the Pioneers" in Berlin (Theater am Schiffsbauerdamm). A primed theatre scandal with political background. Her father bans her from home. Dissolution of her engagement with Haindl. April: Separation from Brecht. May/June: Travel to Sweden and engagement with the journalist and author Hellmut Draws-Tychsen. Autumn 1929/Beginning 1930: "Der Tiefseefisch". Drama.
1930
Three-month travel with Draws to Andorra. Annuity agreement for one year with Gustav Kiepenheuer Publisher. She writes "Mehlreisende Frieda Geier".
1931
"Mehlreisende Frieda Geier". Novel.
1932
Money troubles. She writes some more reports for her book "Andorranische Abenteuer", which is published by Kiepenheuer publisher in autumn. Nervous breakdown and failed suicide attempt. In autumn she returns to Ingolstadt.
1933
May/June: Fleißer is back in Berlin; End of June: She returns to Ingolstadt. Only the narrative "Frigid" and a first draft of Schlagschatten Kleist" have survived. Her engagement to Draws is dissolved.
1934
Her last attempt to escape from Ingolstadt. Fleißer falls in love with the painter and teacher Georg Hetzelein from Regelsbach and they are in correspondence for one year. Hetzelein sends her about 100 erotic letters.
1935
She marries her former fiancé Sepp Haindl, a tobacco wholesaler. She has to participate in his business.
1937 First draft of the drama "Karl Stuart".
1938 August: She suffers a nervous breakdown from the pressure of work.
1943 During the war she is installed as a laborer, which again leads to nervous problems. Her husband succeeds in releasing her from military service.
1944
"Karl Stuart". Drama.
1945
Her husband returns home from war, emaciated and with a bad heart condition. "Der Starke Stamm". Drama.
1949
"Er hätte besser alles verschlafen". "Das Pferd und die Jungfer". "Des Staates gute Bürgerin". Narratives.
1950
Reencounter with Bertolt Brecht at rehearsals for "Mutter Courage" during the chamber plays in Munich. "Der starke Stamm" has been included in chamber plays by Schweikart. Television and radio take notice of Fleißer.
1951
Prize of foundation’s board of trustees for promotion of literature.
1952
She has to help her husband in his tobacco store and so she does not have any time left to write. She wins the first prize in a literary competition of the Süddeutscher Rundfunk (radio station in southern Germany) for "Das Pferd und die Jungfer".
1953
Literary award of the Bavarian Academy of Fine Arts
1954
Fellow of the Bavarian Academy of Fine Arts
1956
She meets Brecht in East Berlin. Works in the editorial office of the radio broadcasting department of the Bayerischer Rundfunk (Bavarian radio station) to earn money. Fellow of the Bavarian Academy of Fine Arts.
1958
Death of Josef Haindl on January 15. Marieluise Fleißer suffers a heart attack and closes her husband’s store.
1961
December 23rd first Art Sponsorship Award, newly established by the city of Ingolstadt 1963: Avantgarde. Novella.
1963
"Avantgarde". Novella.
1964 "Der Rauch". Novella.
1965
"Die im Dunkeln". Novella.
1966
"Der starke Stamm" enacted at the Schaubühne at Halleschen Ufer. Two months at Villa Massimo, short for Deutsche Akademie Rom Villa Massimo, a German art institute in Rome. "Der Venusberg". Novella.
1967
She revises "Pioneers in Ingolstadt", which she had already written in 1926. She receives the Bavarian Poetentaler Award.
1970
March 1st debut performance of the new version of "Pioneers in Ingolstadt" at the Residenz Theatre in Munich.
1971
April 30th debut performance of "Purgatory in Ingolstadt" in Wuppertal. R.W. Fassbinder adapts "Pioneers in Ingolstadt" for television.
1972
"All my sons". Essay about Martin Sperr, Rainer Werner Fassbinder and Franz Xaver Kroetz.
1973
Awarding of the Bavarian Order of Merit by the former minister of education and arts professor Hans Maier.
1974
February 2nd Marieluise dies in Ingolstadt.


>> Biography von Marieluise Fleißer in Deutsch



>> Biographie de Marieluise Fleißer en Francais